The term "lottery" is defined as a drawing of lots in which prizes are distributed to the winners among persons buying a chance. Lotteries are fundamentally different from other forms of gambling, as they are only provided by the state.
Lotteries have been part of American civilization since 1612, when the English initiated a lottery (in the form of an authorized drawing) to help fund the Jamestown settlement in Virginia. Historically, lotteries had a starting and ending point; they weren't meant to be ongoing sources of taxation.
Assuming various forms today, lotteries have been legalized in 43 states (plus the District of Columbia). The only states without a lottery are: Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming. Lottery sales are in excess of $57 billion, and lottery gamblers lost more than $17 billion in 2007.
Six states currently operate highly addictive video lottery terminals or VLTs: Delaware, New York, Oregon, Rhone Island, South Dakota and West Virginia. In West Virginia alone, people gambled more than $15 billion on VLTs during 2007.
States have effectively marketed their lottery-based promises and false hope to America, and citizens have swallowed them hook, line and sinker. But, if you scratch beneath the surface of the "help-your-state" lottery veneer, neither citizens nor states are winners. There are a number of legitimate questions citizens need to ask before supporting lottery expansion or prior to voting to allow a state lottery:
Learn about the lottery before you vote!