Helping Children Cope Emotionally After Traumatic Events and Experiences

How can I make sure that my children will recover from the emotional impact of disaster and trauma? I'm especially concerned about the long-term effects. Over the past month our community has been devastated by a terrible flood. The impact to my family has included the loss of our home, interruption of work and school, loss of income, physical deprivation, and overwhelming anxiety about the future. The immediate danger is past, but I realize that we're going to be coping with the emotional and psychological effects of this disaster for a long time to come. How can I help my kids get beyond this traumatic experience?

Share:
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on print
Share on email

Our thoughts and prayers are with you and your family. It won’t be easy to pick your way through the aftermath of this heart-wrenching experience. But you can take an important first step in the right direction by making sure that your expectations are realistic.

Bear in mind that a disaster is a disaster. There’s no quick and simple way to recover from the wounds and losses you’ve sustained. It’s one thing to deal with the normal strains and stresses of life. But the very meaning of the word trauma can be summed up as “too much too quick.” So keep your head on straight and be patient with yourself. It’s going to take time, determination, and perseverance to get past the pain and devastation that seem so paralyzing and all-encompassing at the present moment.

This is especially true where children are concerned. You have to be prepared for ups and downs and emotional setbacks. Meanwhile, there are some things you can do to help your kids face their immediate situation with courage and confidence:

  • First, try to keep them in a routine as much as possible. Difficult as it may be under the circumstances, work to create an atmosphere of normalcy, balance, and predictability. For example, take a walk every afternoon or share a story at bedtime every night. This will counteract feelings of confusion and disorientation. Help your children understand that you are there for them. Make a conscious effort to have fun together whenever you can.
  • Let your kids know that it’s good to be honest about their feelings. Hurts are healed when emotions are aired and pain is squarely faced. Model this truth by facing your own pain and dealing with it in healthy, constructive ways with other adults or caregivers.
  • Accept a child’s emotions as they are. Whatever reaction he may be experiencing is “normal” for him. Validate his feelings. Enter into them with him. Let him know that it’s healthy and normal to feel sad when bad things happen. Be aware that younger children may respond by acting out. Teens, on the other hand, may display a tendency to withdraw. Some teens may also act out by becoming involved in self-destructive behavior (i.e. drugs, alcohol, rebellion). Be prepared for every eventuality.
  • Don’t avoid discussing the tragedy, but don’t obsess over it either. Don’t overwhelm your children with a barrage of questions. They may find it easier to express themselves openly while sharing an activity with you side-by-side.
  • If for some reason a child can’t talk freely with you about the disaster, encourage and enable him to talk to somebody else. Make sure that the somebody else is a safe, familiar person. Sharing feelings verbally is an important part of the healing process. Give your child opportunities to meet other kids who are going through the same thing. He needs to know that he’s not the only one who is suffering in this way.
  • Help your kids explore non-verbal ways of processing the tragedy. This can be done through drawing, painting, games, drama, writing poetry, or keeping a journal.

When tragedy strikes, parental guidance and input are crucial to a child’s recovery. Personality, age, and past experiences also play a vital role. You know your own children best. Observe their behavior and moods carefully. Keep an eye out for any obvious signs of distress, insecurity, and confusion. You can help bolster their sense of security and counterbalance negative emotions by adopting some of the following strategies:

  • Children under five probably won’t understand the significance of this event. Sometime around age six, they begin to process some of the harsher realities of human life. With your help, they should learn to the deeper meaning of these experiences. Make up your mind to “be there” for them when the time for such a discussion arrives.
  • Be aware that trauma may cause your children to regress. It can even make them lose trust in you. These are normal reactions, so don’t take it personally. Be patient and give them space. Allow adequate time for healing. The more consistently their needs have been met in the past, the sooner they are likely to recover.
  • Protect your kids from media overload. Read a book together instead of watching the evening news. The younger the child, the more damaging the exposure to graphic images will be.
  • Tell your children that you love them. If these words are difficult to say, write them in a note. If you have little ones, spend time holding them. Allow them to experience the warmth and security of your touch.
  • Assure your kids that trained people are on the job doing everything possible to fix the damage and meet the needs of the victims. Children find comfort in knowing that someone is in charge. Pray together for the families of the victims, the rescue and medical workers, civic and political leaders, and the military as they deal with the fallout of the flood.
  • The more directly your children have been impacted, the greater the need for intervention. If after three months or so they still seem overwhelmed by the event, think about getting some help from a professional counselor. Watch for signs such as sleep loss, nightmares, loss of appetite, long-term behavioral changes, withdrawal, disconnection, or emotional numbing. Focus on the Family’s Counseling staff can help you locate a qualified Christian therapist practicing in your area.
  • Create new dreams for the future. No matter how much pain your family has endured, you can still face tomorrow with a hopeful attitude if you take time to discuss and write down new goals that you can pursue together.

Feel free to contact Focus on the Family’s Counseling department if you think it might be helpful to discuss this situation with a member of our team. As noted above, our counselors can help you get in touch with therapists practicing in your area. They would also be more than happy to discuss your concerns with you over the phone.

 

Resources
If a title is currently unavailable through Focus on the Family, we encourage you to use another retailer.

Parenting in the Midst of Tragedy

Understanding and Coping with Trauma

Children and Grief: Helping Your Child Understand Death

Where’s God in the Midst of Suffering?

When God Doesn’t Make Sense

Referrals

World Harvest

Operation Blessing

World Vision

Compassion International

Samaritan’s Purse

Share:
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on print
Share on email

Thank you [field id="first_name"] for signing up to get the free downloads of the Marrying Well Guides. 

Click the image below to access your guide and learn about the counter-cultural, biblical concepts of intentionality, purity, community and Christian compatibility.

(For best results use IE 8 or higher, Firefox, Chrome or Safari)

To stay up-to-date with the latest from Boundless, sign up for our free weekly e-newsletter.


If you have any comments or questions about the information included in the Guide, please send them to [email protected]

Click here to return to Boundless

Focus on the Family

Thank you for submitting this form. You will hear from us soon. 

The Daily Citizen

The Daily Citizen from Focus on the Family exists to be your most trustworthy news source. Our team of analysts is devoted to giving you timely and relevant analysis of current events and cultural trends – all from a biblical worldview – so that you can be inspired and assured that the information you share with others comes from a reliable source.

Alive to Thrive is a biblical guide to preventing teen suicide. Anyone who interacts with teens can learn how to help prevent suicidal thinking through sound practical and clinical advice, and more importantly, biblical principles that will provide a young person with hope in Christ.

Bring Your Bible to School Day Logo Lockup with the Words Beneath

Every year on Bring Your Bible to School Day, students across the nation celebrate religious freedom and share God’s love with their friends. This event is designed to empower students to express their belief in the truth of God’s Word–and to do so in a respectful way that demonstrates the love of Christ.

Focus on the Family’s® Foster Care and Adoption program focuses on two main areas:

  • Wait No More events, which educate and empower families to help waiting kids in foster care

  • Post-placement resources for foster and adoptive families

Christian Counselors Network

Find Christian Counselors, Marriage & Family Therapists, Psychologists, Social Workers and Psychiatrists near you! Search by location, name or specialty to find professionals in Focus on the Family’s Christian Counselors Network who are eager to assist you.

Boundless is a Focus on the Family community for Christian young adults who want to pursue faith, relationships and adulthood with confidence and joy.

Through reviews, articles and discussions, Plugged In exists to shine a light on the world of popular entertainment while giving you and your family the essential tools you need to understand, navigate and impact the culture in which we live.

Have you been looking for a way to build your child’s faith in a fun and exciting way?
Adventures in Odyssey® audio dramas will do just that. Through original audio stories brought to life by actors who make you feel like part of the experience; these fictional, character-building dramas use storytelling to teach lasting truths.

Focus on the Family’s Hope Restored all-inclusive intensives offer marriage counseling for couples who are facing an extreme crisis in their marriage, and who may even feel they are headed for divorce.