Facts and Research About Preventable Death

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  • 6.3 million children under five years of age died in 2012, nearly 754 every hour.
  • 44 percent of the 6.3 million under-five deaths occurred in the neonatal (the first 28 days of life period in 2013).
  • Nearly half of all deaths in children under age 5 are attributable to undernutrition. This translates into the unnecessary loss of about 3 million young lives a year.
  • The number of under-five deaths worldwide has declined from more than 12 million in 1990 to 6.3 million in 2014, 6 Nearly 18,000 children under five died every day in 2011.
  • Every day, approximately 800 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.

Sources: UNICEF, United Nations Development Programme, World Bank, Child Rights International Network, World Health Organization and globalissues.org

  • Around 700,000 children die every year from diarrhea caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation – that's almost 2,000 children a day.
  • The integrated approach of providing water, sanitation and hygiene reduces the number of deaths caused by diarrheal diseases by an average of 65 percent.

Sources: www.who.int, www.wateraid.org, www.unicef.org, www.childinfo.org

  • Approximately 1 in every 5 child deaths (18 percent) in Africa is due to malaria.
  • Pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria are the main causes of death during the first five years of life, with malnutrition being a major factor.
  • Almost 19,000 children under 5 die every day from diseases that are preventable. Those killers include pneumonia, which contributes to 18 percent of deaths of children under 5, and diarrhea, which is responsible for 11 percent.
  • Pneumonia kills an estimated 1.4 million children under the age of five every year – more than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. Pneumonia can be prevented by immunization, adequate nutrition and by addressing environmental factors
  • Measles vaccination resulted in a 74 percent drop in measles deaths between 2000 and 2010 worldwide.

Sources: www.childinfo.org, www.who.int, www.unicef.org, www.globalissues.org

  • Hunger is the world’s #1 health risk. It kills more people than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined.
  • Every day, almost 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes. That's one child every five seconds.
  • Undernutrition is a factor in one third of all under-5 child deaths.
  • There are more hungry people in the world than the combined populations of USA, Canada and the European Union.

Sources: www.wfp.org, www.unicef.org, www.crin.org, www.fao.org, www.bread.org, www.who.int, www.childinfo.org

  • The first 28 days of life – the neonatal period – is the most vulnerable time for a child’s survival. (page 6)
  • For 1 million babies every year, their day of birth is also their day of death.  More than a third of neonatal deaths take place on the day of birth, and close to 2 million newborns die in the first week of life. (page 6)

Source: http://apr.norvenanino.website/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/APR-Progress-Report-2014.pdf

  • 6.6 million children will die this year before they reach their 5th birthday. That number is almost the equivalent of the entire population of New York City. Even more disturbing, most of these children will die from preventable causes.

Source: http://5thbday.usaid.gov/pages/Problem.aspx